The One Vitamin You’re Low in: References

Selected References

Bischoff-Ferrari H: Optimal serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels for multiple health outcomes. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 2008;624:55-71.

Bodnar L, Simhan H, Catov J, et al: Maternal vitamin D status and the risk of mild and severe preeclampsia. Epidemiology 2014;25:207-214.

Bodnar L, Simhan H, Powers R, et al: High prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency in black and white pregnant women residing in the northern United States and their neonates. Journal of Nutrition 2007;137:447-452.

Clemente-Postigo M, Munoz-Garach A, Serrano M, et al: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and adipose tissue vitamin D receptor gene expression. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 2015; February 23rd.

Dudenkov D, Yawn B, Oberhelman S, et al: Changing incidence of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D values above 50 ng/mL. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 2015;90:577-586.

Forman J, Scott J, Ng K, et al: Effect of vitamin D supplementation on blood pressure in blacks. Hypertension 2013;61:779-785.

Ganji V, Milone C, Cody M, et al: Serum vitamin D concentrations are related to depression in young adult US population. International Archives of Medicine 2010;3:29.

Gernand A, Simhan H, Caritis S, et al: Maternal vitamin D status and small for gestational age offspring in women at high risk for preeclampsia. Obstetrics & Gynecology 2014;123:40-48.

Ginde A, Liu M, Camargo C: Demographic differences and trends of vitamin D insufficiency in the US population, 1988-2004. Archives of Internal Medicine 2009;169:626-632.

Gorham E, Garland C, Garland F, et al: Optimal vitamin D status for colorectal cancer prevention. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2007;3:210-216.

Holick M: Sunlight, ultraviolet radiation, vitamin D and skin cancer. Advances in Experimental Medical Biology 2014;810:1-16.

Jackson C, Gaugris S, Sen S, et al: The effect of cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) on the risk of fall and fracture: A meta-analysis. Quarterly Journal of Medicine 2007;February 17th.

Littlejohns T, Henley W, Lang I, et al: Vitamin D and the risk of dementia and Alzheimer disease. Neurology 2014;August 6th.

Millen A, Meyers K, Liu Z, et al: Association between vitamin D status and age-related macular degeneration by genetic risk. Journal of the American Medical Association – Ophthalmology 2015; August 27th.

Miller J, Harvey D, Beckett L, et al: Vitamin D status and rates of cognitive decline in a multiethnic cohort of older adults. Journal of the American Medical Association – Neurology 2015;September 14th.

Nyame Y, Murphy A, Bowen D, et al: Associations between serum vitamin D and adverse pathology in men undergoing radical prostatectomy. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2016; February 22nd.

Recommended Dietary Allowances: https://www.nationalacademies.org/hmd/~/media/Files/Report%20Files/2010/Dietary-Reference-Intakes-for-Calcium-and-Vitamin-D/Vitamin%20D%20and%20Calcium%202010%20Report%20Brief.pdf

Rizzoli R, Boonen S, Brandi M, Et al: Vitamin D supplementation in elderly or postmenopausal women. Current Medical Research and Opinion 2013;January 15th.

Robinson-Cohen C, Hoofnagle A, Ix J, et al: Racial differences in the association of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration with coronary heart disease events. Journal of the American Medical Association 2013;310:179-188.

Shahar D, Schwarzfuchs D, Fraser D, et al: Dairy calcium intake, serum vitamin D, and successful weight loss. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2010;92:1017-1022.

Sotirchos E, Bhargava P, Eckstein C, et al: Safety and immunologic effects of high- vs low-dose cholecalciferol in multiple sclerosis. Neurology 2015; December 30th.

The N, Crandell J, Lawrence J, et al: Vitamin D in youth with Type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Medicine 2013;August 3rd.

Toffanello E, Coin A, Perissinotto E, et al: Vitamin D deficiency predicts cognitive decline in men and women. Neurology 2014;83:2292-2298.

Vitamin D in wild versus farmed salmon: https://www.vitalchoice.com/shop/pc/articlesView.asp?id=408

Wacker M, Holick M: Vitamin D: Effects on skeletal and extraskeletal health and the need for supplementation. Nutrients 2013;5:111-148.

Webb P, de Fazio A, Protani M, et al: Circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D and survival in women with ovarian cancer. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2015; 102:109-114.