References for Landmark Study Supports Supplementation for Heart Health

Selected References

The Harvard Study: Rautiainen S, Rist P, Glynn R, et al: Multivitamin use and the risk of cardiovascular disease in men. The Journal of Nutrition 2016;146:1235-1240.

Afzal S, Brondum-Jacobsen P, Bojesen S, et al: Genetically low vitamin D concentrations and increased mortality. British Medical Journal 2014;November 18th.

Agnew-Blais J, Wasserheil-Smoller S, Kang J, et al: Folate, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12 intake and mild cognitive impairment and probably dementia in the Women’s Health Initiative Memory Study. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics 2014;September 5th.

American Heart Association statistics:

Antwi S, Steck S, Zhang H, et al: Plasma carotenoids and tocopherols in relation to prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels among men with biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer. Cancer Epidemiology 2015; July 9th.

Birken C, Lebovic G, Anderson L, et al: Association between Vitamin D and circulating lipids in early childhood. PLoS One, 2015: July 15th.

Clemente-Postigo M, Munoz-Garach A, Serrano M, et al: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and adipose tissue vitamin D receptor gene expression. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 2015; February 23rd.

Dudenkov D, Yawn B, Oberhelman S, et al: Changing incidence of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D values above 50 ng/mL. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 2015;90:577-586.

Dysken M, Sano M, Asthana S, et al: Effect of vitamin E and memantine on functional decline in Alzheimer disease. Journal of the American Medical Association 2014;311:33-44.

Gopalan Y, Shuaib I, Magosso E, et al: Clinical investigation of the protective effects of palm vitamin E tocotrienols on brain white matter. Stroke 2014;45:1422-1428.

Han L, Wu Q, Wang C, et al: Homocysteine, ischemic stroke, and coronary heart disease in hypertensive patients. Stroke 2015;June 2nd.

Huo Y, Li J, Qin X, et al: Efficacy of folic acid therapy in primary prevention of stroke among adults with hypertension in China. Journal of the American Medical Association 2015;March 15th.

Krebs-Smith S, Cleveland L, Ballard-Barbash R, et al: Characterizing food intake patterns of American adults. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1997;65(supple):1264-1268.

Labazi M, McNeil A, Kurtz T, et al: The antioxidant requirement for plasma membrane repair in skeletal muscle. Free Radical Biology and Medicine 2015;84: 246-253.

Mahalle N, Kulkarni M, Garg M, et al: Vitamin B12 deficiency and hyperhomocysteinemia as correlates of cardiovascular risk factors in Indian subjects with coronary artery disease. Journal of Cardiology 2013;61:289-294.

Majumdar V, Prabhakar P, Kulkarni G, et al: Vitamin D status, hypertension and ischemic stroke. Journal of Human Hypertension 2015; March 26th.

Miller J, Harvey D, Beckett L, et al: Vitamin D status and rates of cognitive decline in a multiethnic cohort of older adults. Journal of the American Medical Association – Neurology 2015;September 14th.

O’Neil C, Nicklas T, Fulgoni V: Nutrient intake, diet quality, and weight/adiposity parameters in breakfast patterns compared with no breakfast in adults. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2008. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics 2014;114:S27-S43.

Rai D, Bird J, McBurney M, et al: Nutritional status as assessed by nutrient intakes and biomarkers among women of childbearing age: Is the burden of nutrient inadequacies growing in America? Public Health Nutrition 2015;18:1658-1669.

Toffanello E, Coin A, Perissinotto E, et al: Vitamin D deficiency predicts cognitive decline in men and women. Neurology 2014;83:2292-2298.

Wang Y, Jahns L, Tussing-Humphreys L, et al: Dietary intake patterns of low-income urban African-American adolescents. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2010;110:1340-1345.

Webb P, de Fazio A, Protani M, et al: Circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D and survival in women with ovarian cancer. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2015; 102:109-114.

Wilson M, Reedy J, Krebs-Smith S: American diet quality: Where it is, where it is heading, and what it could be. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics 2016;116:302-310.

Zhang F, Saltzman E, Kelly M, et al: Comparison of childhood cancer survivors nutritional intake with US dietary guidelines. Pediatric Blood & Cancer 2015;March 24th.